what does the brat diet consist of

Containing foods that are gentle on the stomach, the BRAT diet is often recommended for individuals experiencing gastrointestinal distress. The acronym BRAT stands for bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, which are the main components of this bland diet. These easy-to-digest foods can help soothe an upset stomach, provide vital nutrients, and give the digestive system a break from more complex or irritating foods. This article will examine into the specifics of each component of the BRAT diet and how it can be beneficial for digestive issues.

Key Takeaways:

  • BRAT diet consists of: Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast.
  • This diet is commonly recommended for: Managing mild gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting
  • Key benefits of BRAT diet: Its bland nature helps soothe the stomach, reduce irritation, and provide easy-to-digest foods for recovery.

Components of the BRAT Diet


The BRAT diet stands for Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast. Bananas are a central component of this diet due to their easy digestibility and high potassium content. They can help replenish lost nutrients and provide a gentle source of energy during times of stomach upset.


To complement the bananas, rice is another staple of the BRAT diet. Plain, white rice is easy on the stomach and can help bind stools, making it an ideal choice for those experiencing digestive issues. It is easy to prepare and well-tolerated by most individuals.

READ  Reconsidering BRAT - Why the Diet May Be Outdated

Rice is a bland carbohydrate that is gentle on the digestive system, making it a soothing option for those with upset stomachs. It can also help regulate bowel movements and alleviate diarrhea by firming up stools.


Applesauce, the third component of the BRAT diet, is a source of soluble fiber and natural sugars. It can help manage diarrhea and provide much-needed nutrients without irritating the stomach. Its mild flavor and soft texture make it a comforting option for those recovering from gastrointestinal distress.

Applesauce is a good source of pectin, a soluble fiber that can help bulk up stools and regulate digestion. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals experiencing loose stools or diarrhea.


Any plain, white toast rounds out the BRAT diet with a mild, low-fiber option. Toast can help settle an upset stomach and provide a source of carbohydrates for quick energy. It is easy to digest and can be paired with small amounts of butter or jelly for added flavor.

Plus, toast can be a comforting food that is easy on the stomach but still provides a sense of normalcy during a period of digestive discomfort. It can be a reassuring addition to the BRAT diet when other foods may be too harsh on the system.

Purposes and Benefits

Managing Gastrointestinal Issues

Benefits of following the BRAT diet include providing a gentle approach to managing gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. The diet consists of easily digestible foods that can help soothe the digestive system and reduce irritation. By focusing on bland and binding foods like bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, the BRAT diet can assist in firming up stools and easing discomfort.

Nutritional Considerations

Nutritional considerations are important when following the BRAT diet as it may lack certain vital nutrients like protein, healthy fats, and a variety of vitamins and minerals. While the diet is beneficial for temporary use in managing gastrointestinal upset, it is not meant for long-term use due to its limited nutritional content. It is advised to return to a balanced diet as soon as gastrointestinal symptoms subside.

READ  what to eat on brat diet

With that in mind, it is recommended to incorporate other easy-to-digest foods such as boiled potatoes, plain chicken, vegetable broth, and yogurt to help provide a wider range of nutrients while still being gentle on the stomach. These additions can help ensure that the body is receiving the necessary nutrients for overall health and recovery.

Guidelines for Following the BRAT Diet

All When Should You Follow the BRAT Diet?

Recommended Duration

With the BRAT diet, it is recommended to follow it for 24 to 48 hours. This short-term diet helps to ease digestive discomfort by temporarily restricting the intake of complex foods that may be harder to digest.

Foods to Avoid

The BRAT diet typically includes bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. It is crucial to avoid fatty, fried, spicy, and sugary foods while following this diet to prevent worsening gastrointestinal symptoms.

Avoiding these types of foods can prevent irritation to the stomach and intestines, allowing them to recover from illnesses like stomach flu or food poisoning more effectively. Limiting foods that are high in fiber, dairy products, and caffeine can also aid in the healing process.

Alternatives and Variations

Expanded BRAT Diet Options

For individuals looking to expand their diet beyond the traditional BRAT foods, there are several additional options that can be incorporated. Adding plain boiled potatoes, cooked plain rice, applesauce, plain toast, and mild vegetables like carrots or zucchini can provide more variety while still being gentle on the stomach.

Similar Dietary Approaches

On occasions where the BRAT diet may not be suitable or preferred, there are similar dietary approaches that can be considered. The bland diet, consisting of easily digestible foods like bananas, white rice, and plain chicken, can also help alleviate digestive discomfort while providing more nutritional variety.

READ  What Does Brat Stand For In Brat Diet ?

To further customize these approaches, consulting with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian can offer personalized guidance based on individual needs and preferences. It’s vital to listen to your body and make adjustments accordingly to ensure proper nutrition and comfort during periods of digestive distress.

Final Words

With this in mind, the BRAT diet consists of easily digestible foods like bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. These bland foods help soothe the digestive system during times of gastrointestinal distress, such as diarrhea or vomiting. By avoiding spicy, fatty, or high-fiber foods, the BRAT diet gives the gut a chance to rest and recover. It is important to remember that the BRAT diet is meant to be a temporary solution and should not be followed for an extended period of time. Always consult with a healthcare provider if symptoms persist or worsen.


Q: What does the BRAT diet consist of?

A: The BRAT diet stands for Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast. These foods are bland and gentle on the stomach, making them ideal for easing digestive issues such as diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.

Q: Why are bananas included in the BRAT diet?

A: Bananas are rich in potassium, which helps replenish electrolytes lost through diarrhea or vomiting. They are also easy to digest and can help firm up stool due to their pectin content.

Q: Is the BRAT diet suitable for long-term nutrition?

A: The BRAT diet is specifically designed to be a temporary solution for easing gastrointestinal distress. It is low in fiber, protein, and fat, so it should not be followed for an extended period as it may not provide all the necessary nutrients for overall health.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *